History of aromatherapy is not new but very old. Human being always knew the importance of plants in his life. No one knows from where it started but different people say many stories about it. It is said that Chinese were the first to use essential oils for healing. They used aromatic plants for healing. They burned incense in order to create harmony and balance.
After some time, Egyptians also invented a rudimentary machine, which allowed the crude extraction of Cedar-wood oil. Other type of oils like oil of clove, cinnamon, nutmeg etc. were used in embalming the dead. When the tombs were opened in the early 20th century, it was found that some traces of herbs were there with intact portion of the body. These people also used infused oils and other herbal preparation for many purposes like for medicinal, spiritual, cosmetic, and fragrant use. During that time, Egyptians used to put a solid cone of fragrance on their head and after that it get used to melt and cover the man with perfume.
Greek also used these oils for medicinal and fragrance purposes.
In 11th century, something new happened, now the distillation of essential oils was done by coiled cooling pipe. This invention was done by Avicenna, before this straight pipe was used. His contribution is a great help in the field of aromatherapy.
In 12th century, Hildegard grew and distilled the lavender for some medicinal purposes.
During 13th century, a new pharmaceutical company had taken birth. This helped greatly in the distillation of different types of essential oils.
In 14th century, many people were killed due to Black Death (Bubonic plague). Many herbal preparations were used to fight with this problem.
During 15th century, other plants like rose, sage and rosemary were also used for distillation and people came to know about the new power of healing through plants.
At the time of 16th and 17th century, people started making perfumes from plants and it was considered as an art.
In 19th century, the use of perfumes increased and so the industries related to perfumes increased.
In 20th century, a French chemist Rene-Maurice Gattefosse started the use of essential oils for the medicinal purposes. In 1937, Gattefosse wrote a book by the name, Gattefosseâ€™s aromatherapy.
From 20th century to 21st century, this therapy is growing day-by-day. It is getting great response from the people as it is natural and harmless.